The Viola Cadenza is a fully balanced wide band preamplifier. It has six line inputs, plus one additional input that is reserved for an optional plug-in module. Currently a high quality phono module is in the final stages of development and other modules under consideration. The Cadenza offers an extremely high level of transparency which is essential if the emotion that is the essence of a musical performance is to be faithfully reproduced.
A choke input type power supply housed in a separate chassis is used to provide a very clean and stable power source for the pre-amplifier. It also provides isolation from Electro-Magnetic Interference.
The Cadenza uses Class A discrete circuitry and is fully balanced throughout. The main audio circuitry is constructed on a single large mother board which accommodates the signal switching relays, local power supply sections and input and output connectors. This gives the shortest possible signal path and eliminates the variations in performance that can occur when external cable forms are used.
The amplification stages use Viola's custom designed OTA gain modules. These are fully balanced and approximate to an idealized gain stage. They are constructed using discrete components, including ultra-high precision (0.1%) thin film resistors. These are employed because of their very low noise characteristic. Three types of module are used, each optimized for a specific application within the circuit. Careful design makes them unaffected by variations in component values.
The modules use a dual monolithic FET input and cascode topology, which gives a very large dynamic range and prevents any effects from power supply variations. Another advantage of the Viola OTA modules is that they can be easily changed to allow for quick servicing and this also allows for easy product upgrades. This is not possible with non-modular designs.
The input section has been designed to have an input impedance of one Meg ohm. This has three major benefits:.
1. A high input impedance preserves the balanced input’s ability to reject interference if the output impedances of the signal source are not perfectly matched. The ability of a differential amplifier circuit to reject interference is referred to as its common mode rejection ratio or CMRR. Many source components have small differences in the output impedances of the two halves of their balanced outputs. When used with a balanced input with an input impedance in the conventional range of 10k ohms to 50k ohms, a mis-match of just 1% in the two halves of the source device’s balanced output can lead to a significant reduction in the pre-amplifier’s CMRR and a consequent rise in the noise level.
2. High impedance inputs reduce errors at connector contact junctions.
3. High impedance inputs conserve the source unit's output drive current. Consequently more of the source unit's output current is available to drive the capacitance of the interconnecting cables, thus improving the high frequency performance and transient response.
The modules in the output stage us a special form of compensation which preserves the phase integrity of the balanced output signal across the audio spectrum. This is important in order to ensure timbral accuracy and maintain a stable and 3 dimensional stereo image. To avoid transients, the outputs of this section are muted during power-up and power-down cycles.
Each channel has an 11 position stepped gain switch for controlling channel balance. These switches can also be used to “range” input sources with atypical output levels. They are located in the inverse feedback loop for minimum noise.
The volume control is a custom made 59 position stepped attenuator with 1dB steps. It uses 0.1% Vishay film resistors and the contact material is a high gold content alloy also containing platinum, silver and copper. Careful design ensures that external vibration does not modulate the wiper contact pressure, as this could otherwise degrade the sound quality.
To prevent ground loops between signal ended source units, all RCA inputs are completely isolated when not in use.
Heavy oxygen-free copper bus bars enhance the efficiency of power distribution within the amplifier and eliminate variations that would be introduced by the use of the wiring harnesses commonly used in high performance amplifiers.
Surround Sound Processor Loop
A switch on the mother board allows input 2 (RCA) or input 7 (XLR) or both, to be set to function as a surround sound processor (SSP) loop. If this function is not needed, these inputs may be set to function as standard stereo inputs. This approach avoids having redundant inputs when no surround sound function is required.
Low Noise Power Supply
The Cadenza uses a choke input filter type power supply. This produces far less Electro-Magnetic Interference than the capacitor input designs most commonly used in pre-amplifiers. It also places less stress on the power supply components, leading to higher reliability and longer life. In addition, the Cadenza's power supply design completely avoids the generation of the high frequency noise that often occurs when switch mode power supplies are used.
The Cadenza's choke input power supply also virtual eliminates high peak ripple currents, thereby minimizing inter-modulation distortion on the power supply “rails” and ground returns. This further enhances the sound quality by reducing both noise and distortion.
Ease of Upgradability
The use of plug-in modules for the gain stages allows for easy upgrading should improved versions become available in the future.
High Quality Chassis
The Cadenza front panel is machined from a solid aluminum slab and the side panels are custom aluminum extrusions. These are brushed to a super-fine finish and then anodized. They are mated with heavy gauge top and bottom panels to produce a structure that is extremely strong and rigid.
Viola Cadenza Specifications
||1 x Option Card
4 x RCA
1 x Fischer
1 x XLR
||1 x RCA
1 x Fischer
2 x XLR
1 x RCA (Tape)
||20Hz to 20kHz เธ 0.1dB
||Less than 0.005% @ 1V input
||Less than 0.01% @ 20kHz 1v input
||Pre-amp : 44.7cm W x 9.1cm H x 40.6cm D
Psu : 22.3cm W x 9.1cm H x 40.6cm D
||Pre-amp : 7.3kg
Psu : 9.1kg